Diet is the most important component of gastritis therapy. Based on some characteristics of the disease, for example, acidity in the stomach, as well as the presence of erosive, atrophic and other forms, the diet may change relative to what can and cannot be included in the menu.
If a person eats unbalanced, occasionally drinks alcohol, smokes and is subject to frequent severe stress, then he will inevitably develop such a pathology as gastritis. This is a disease that leads to inflammation of the stomach lining, due to which its integrity is disrupted. As a result, various unpleasant symptoms occur, the main one of which is acute pain in the upper abdomen. In addition, bloating, belching, nausea and vomiting appear, appetite decreases or disappears altogether, which often leads to a decrease in body weight. Gastritis of the stomach comes in different forms, including the ability to be caused by an infectious environment, but in any case, for successful treatment, it is necessary that the diet be healthy. It is necessary not only to change the diet, to determine what can and cannot be eaten, but also to change the principles of nutrition themselves, make it a regime with a stable menu for the whole week, divide the entire amount of food into 5-6 meals. With an exacerbation, the diet should be tightened, in addition, there are some nuances if gastritis is characterized by high or low acidity.
The main differences in diet will be determined by acidity. What kind of indicator in a particular patient is determined during the diagnosis, prior therapy.
For acidity, which is the most common, there are three basic principles to follow:
If the environment in the stomach is characterized as acidic, then low-fat types of fish and meat, dairy products, eggs, which can be served as an omelet or boiled soft-boiled, are suitable for nutrition. In addition, the diet may contain peeled tomatoes, boiled zucchini, potatoes, and so on.
A diet for gastritis with low acidity includes foods that promote more enzymes that provide digestion. For this, it is also important to normalize the very procedure of food consumption. This should be done slowly, it is important to spend at least half a minute on chewing one portion of food, and the process of eating itself should last at least half an hour. Significantly improves the secretion of hydrochloric acid intake of slightly carbonated mineral water, 200 ml of such water should be drunk every time before meals. Various fruits and vegetables are allowed, which must be eaten immediately after the end of the meal, as snacks are not allowed by the diet. Fruits and vegetables should be chosen light, according to the principle of the absence of hard fibers. To further facilitate the process of digestion, it is better to peel the fruit in advance and eat only the pulp.
Low acidity brings some relaxation compared to high acidity. A small amount of chocolate products, light soups and broths and river fish, mushrooms and lean meats, which include rabbit and veal, are acceptable. Milk derivatives are allowed, but it is better to refuse it.
For gastritis with any acidity, do not use:
In case of an exacerbation, a compromise should be found and so that the body receives all the necessary nutrients and trace elements, but the diet was neutral, not irritating to the mucous membrane and so strongly inflamed. In this situation, digestion needs to be helped as much as possible so that it passes very quickly. To do this, try to grind all food as much as possible, and for cooking use only cooking or steam cooking.
It is important to make a compiled menu not only balanced and gentle, but also to adhere to it exactly, eating food at a strictly defined time every day. The intervals between doses cannot be more than three hours, otherwise the stomach will empty and the aggravation will only intensify. It is impossible to convey, as it is fraught with gastric congestion. In the evenings, you need to eat no later than three to four hours before bedtime.
Oddly enough, but during an exacerbation, it is recommended to spend the first day on an empty stomach. However, the stomach still needs to be refilled. To do this, you need to drink plenty of still water and lightly brewed tea. Any liquid you drink should be warm. Starting from the second day, liquid porridge is allowed, the same mashed potatoes in water. In addition, boiled eggs, a non-concentrated soup on grated vegetables will be useful. With an exacerbation of gastritis, food rich in fats should be completely excluded from the diet, since its breakdown is very slow.
MON and Wed:
TUE, THU, SAT:
Diet # 1 appears to be tough enough. However, its use is a forced measure, since the restoration of normal digestion and non-irritation of the gastric mucosa is very important in case of gastritis or if a person has an ulcer. This diet is prescribed at the end of the exacerbation phase of the disease. Of the cooking methods, you can only use cooking, steaming, baking. It is extremely important to reduce the amount of salt consumed, since its presence negatively affects the state of the inner surface of the stomach, in addition, salt slows down the removal of water from the body.
Diet # 1 involves dividing your entire daily diet into five to six meals in small portions. The total amount of consumed calories cannot exceed 2000.
Among the main dishes that should be included in diet # 1 are:
In moderation, you can eat fermented milk products, for example, cottage cheese, curdled milk, skim milk.
Avoid Diet # 1:
Gastritis is called erosive when the action of a disease causes gastric erosion, called an ulcer. An ulcer is a more serious disease that can lead to very serious consequences, including, for example, peritonitis, when wall erosion gradually leads to a through hole, as a result of which the contents of the stomach enter the abdominal cavity. This situation is fraught with death without urgent surgical treatment.
The causes of erosion, along with the action of Helicobacter Pylori infection, are the effects of substances or excessively acidic gastric juice. Thus, with erosive gastritis, it is very important to eat right in order to slow down and reverse the process of ulcer formation.
Here are the principles on which the diet should be based if the patient has erosive gastritis:
The atrophic form is relatively difficult to diagnose, since there are no symptoms in the early phase of the pathology. Of the few signs of the disease, one can note the presence of belching after fried and fatty, which smells very unpleasant. In addition, the inevitable companions of atrophic gastritis are a state of general weakness, brittle legs and hair, and skin problems.
Atrophic gastritis imposes serious restrictions on the list of what is possible and what is not. In the diet should be abandoned:
Like other diets for gastritis, at the atrophic stage, cooking methods such as frying and smoking are completely prohibited. To bring to a state of readiness for use, products can be boiled, steamed, baked
Eating is important for atrophic gastritis: